- Proposals made in 1965 to check influx were ignored
- Way back in 1965, a proposal was mooted to compile a register of citizens in Assam and to issue identity cards to Indian citizens on the basis of it. But unfortunately, the proposal was not taken up. Similarly, a proposal to erect barbed wire fencing along the border with the then East Pakistan was also shelved due to various reasons.
- According to a Government report, in 1965, the Government of India took up with the State Government to expedite compilation of Register of Citizens and to issue identity cards on the basis of this register to Indian inhabitants at least in selected areas of the State. Under this proposal for Identity cards, Indian citizens in Assam were to carry Identity cards on a voluntary basis so that citizens possessing identity cards are not embarrassed by officials checking infiltration of Pakistanis. But because of the reasons best known to the people at the helm of affairs at that time, the project was not implemented.
- Moreover, Government of India sent another proposal to the Assam Government to clear a mile deep belt along the border with East Pakistan so that barbed wire fencing can be erected to prevent infiltration of foreigners. Government of Assam, however expressed difficulties in expeditiously clearing up the border areas since it involved shifting of 25,000 families (1,28,000 persons) along the 560 square mile belt on the Assam-East Pakistan border.
- It may be mentioned here that the process of erecting barbed wire and construction of border roads along the Assam-Bangladesh border ultimately started after the signing of the Assam Accord and even after nearly 33 years of signing of the Accord, the process has not been completed.
- Myanmar joins International Solar Alliance
- Myanmar has joined the India-initiated International Solar Alliance (ISA), becoming the 68th member of the grouping that is aiming at optimum utilisation of solar energy.
- ISA was Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and then French President Francois Hollande at the Paris climate summit in 2015.
- The ISA has set a target of 1 TW of solar energy by 2030
- The ISA is the first international body that will have a secretariat in India. India, with a target to produce 100 GW of solar energy by 2022.
- Distribution of 28 crore LED bulbs in three years has saved $2 billion and 4 GW of electricity. India will also provide 500 training slots for ISA member-countries and start a solar tech mission to lead R&D.
· NASA launches toolkit to promote commercial use of satellite data
- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched the ‘Remote Sensing Toolkit’ to promote commercial use of satellite data.
- This toolkit was launched with an aim to make it easier for users to find, analyse and utilise the relevant satellite data for their research, business projects or conservation efforts.
- It provides a simple system that quickly identifies relevant sources based on user input.
- It helps to find the satellite data easier and to spark innovation among the entrepreneurial community and lead to further commercialisation of NASA technology.
· Fourth BIMSTEC Summit to be held in Kathmandu
- The announcement of the 4th Bay of Bengal Initiatives for Multi-Sectoral, Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) to be held in Kathmandu made by Nepal’s
- Minister for Foreign Affairs Pradeep Kumar Gyawali.
- The main focus of the summit will be to increase connectivity between the BIMSTEC nations including roads, airways and transmission lines.
- The BIMSTEC is a regional economic bloc comprising seven member states lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity.
- BIMSTEC Secretariat: Dhaka, Bangladesh
- Membership Countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand.
- India to build 2,000 kms of international roads by 2022
- The government is planning to build 1,911 kilometres of international connectivity roads over the five year period ending 2022 under its flagship Bharatmala scheme.
- Moreover, it is also planning to 3,319 kms of border roads, Minister of State for Road Transport and Highways Mansukh Mandaviya told the Lok Sabha in a written reply.
· Lok Sabha passed the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018
- The Lok Sabha passed the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018. It will now replace the Ordinance by the same name promulgated by the President in April 2018.
- The Bill empowers special courts to direct the Central government to confiscate all the assets belonging to a fugitive economic offender, including those assets that are proceeds of the crime and that do not belong to the offender. The legislation gains importance against the background of high-profile cases where individuals such as Vijay Mallya and Nirav Modi escaped the country.
- Ordinances are laws that are promulgated by the President of India on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet. They can only be issued when Parliament is not in session. They enable the Indian government to take immediate legislative action. Ordinances cease to operate either if Parliament does not approve of them within six weeks of reassembly.
· Govt to use MicroDots technology to check vehicle thefts
- In this technique, thousands of small dots laser etched will be sprayed with a vehicle identification numberon all over the vehicle’s body including their engines.
- This tech is termed as MicroDots and it is almost impossible to remove these dots. Hence, the car’s identity can be established at any stage.
- The government’s highest automobile technical standard making body CMVR-TSC(Central Motor Vehicles Rules -Technical Standing Committee) will finalise the rules and its guidelines in the next one or two months.
· Rajya Sabha passed the ‘Prevention of Corruption Amendment Bill’
- Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2013 states that anyone who is caught bribing government officials can be sentenced to a jail term of up to seven years.
- However, if the payment of the bribe is reported to the authorities within two weeks, you could avoid punishment under the new law.
- This bill was first introduced by the former United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government in But it has taken nearly five years for the bill to pass after examinations from the parliamentary standing committee, law commission and eventually a select committee.
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