. Photonics is the science of light. It is the technology of generating, controlling, and detecting light waves and photons, which are particles of light. The characteristics of the waves and photons can be used to explore the universe, cure diseases, and even to solve crimes. Scientists have been studying light for hundreds of years. … Read more DMPQ-Briefly describe photonics. Also mention the need of photonics.
As genetic research becomes more sophisticated, so does our ability to use plants and animals to develop new drugs or modify crops to meet food security needs. Often, in the search for new bio resources, researchers draw on local people’s traditional knowledge about the properties of a particular plant, animal or chemical compound. When researchers … Read more DMPQ-. Give a brief description about Bio-piracy with examples.
Hydroponics, or growing plants in a nutrient solution root medium, is a growing area of commercial food production and also is used for home food production by hobbyists. Learn about the state-of-the-art techniques for producing food in a controlled, soilless setting. Major factors to ensure the successful hydroponics practice are as follows: Ensuring water quality … Read more DMPQ-What is hydroponics? Mention the important factors necessary for successful practice of hydroponics.
Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism. Cloning happens often in nature—for example, when a cell replicates itself asexually without any genetic alteration or recombination. Prokaryotic organisms (organisms lacking a cell nucleus) such as bacteria create genetically identical duplicates of themselves using binary fission or budding. … Read more DMPQ-. Describe the basic concept of Cloning. Also mention the potential drawbacks of applications of Cloning.
A biometric system is a technology which takes an individual’s physiological, behavioral, or both traits as input, analyzes it, and identifies the individual as a genuine or malicious user. Basic Components of a Biometric System Input Interface (Sensors) It is the sensing component of a biometrics system that converts human biological data into digital form. … Read more DMPQ- Point out the major components and applications of biometric system.
Stem cells are a group of cells in our bodies, with capacity to self-renew and differentiate to various types of cells, thus to construct tissues and organs. In science, it is still a challenge to understand how a fertilized egg to develop germ layers and various types of cells, which further develop to multiple tissues … Read more DMPQ- Briefly describe the stem cell. Mention the characteristics of Stem cells.
A concern about what affect genetically modified material could have on human health. For example, transgenic crops have been suggested to cause allergies in some people, although it is uncertain whether transgenic crops are the source of this reaction. Furthermore the antibiotic resistance genes placed in these crops has been suggested to cause resistance to … Read more DMPQ- Explain the potential disadvantages of Transgenic crops.
A transgenic crop is a genetically modified organism (GMO). Transgenic indicates that a transfer of genes has occurred using recombinant DNA technology. Generally a transgenic crop contains one or more genes that have been inserted artificially either from an unrelated plant or from different species altogether. Plants have been modified for many reasons over the … Read more DMPQ- What are Transgenic crops ? Explain how transgenic crops have the potential to end the food security crisis.
. In India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) introduced the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 as an umbrella legislation to provide a holistic framework for the protection and improvement to the environment. In connection with the use of micro-organisms and application of gene technology, the MoEFCC notified the “Rules for manufacture, use/import/export & … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the process of regulation of Genetically modified (GM) foods in India.
Biotechnology is being harnessed in various aspects of the livestock industry to hasten breed development for improved animal health and welfare, enhanced reproduction, and improved nutritional quality and safety of animal-derived foods. Artificial Insemination One of the earliest perfected technology is artificial insemination (AI) where new breeds of animals are produced through the introduction of … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the Applications of Biotechnology in live stock and animal husbandry.