Comment on the challenges in the field of animal husbandry development in Assam.

Assam has following challenges in the development of animal husbandry:

  • Livestock in the state is highly livelihood-oriented and is generally owned by small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers. The livestock is basically a component of production system, contributing to sustainable agricultural systems. The livestock population in the state is very large in numbers but its productivity is very low compared to other parts of the country.
  • The effective technology intervention on Artificial Insemination has not been fully put into gear. Except cows, other species of animals have not been covered under A.I programme.
  • Lack of stated policy on animal breeding and other strategies on livestock development in Assam.
  • Absence of quality breeds of animals, all the animals are nondescript types resulting in poor animal productivity.
  • Acute shortage of feed concentrate and green fodder is the root cause of the poor performance as the genetic potentiality of an animal cannot be exploited fully in the absence of proper nutrition.
  • Small land holding size limiting cultivation of fodder. The entire land is put under crop production for human consumption.
  • Small land holding size limiting cultivation of fodder. The entire land is put under crop production for human consumption.

Presence of fragmented, unorganized market for all livestock products, which involves chains of middlemen who rea

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