Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness and death. As a result of drug resistance, antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines become ineffective and infections become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat.
The emergence and spread of drug-resistant pathogens that have acquired new resistance mechanisms, leading to antimicrobial resistance, continues to threaten our ability to treat common infections. Especially alarming is the rapid global spread of multi- and pan-resistant bacteria (also known as “superbugs”) that cause infections that are not treatable with existing antimicrobial medicines such as antibiotics.
Concerns Raised Due to Antimicrobial Resistance
- As a result of drug resistance, it has become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat some diseases.
- Treating resistant microbes require alternative or higher doses of medication (expensive + toxic).
- Organ transplantation, chemotherapy & surgeries would be compromised without effective antimicrobials. Medical procedures, such as surgery have become riskier.
- Antimicrobial resistance increases the cost of health care with lengthier stays in hospitals, additional tests & use of more expensive drugs.
- It can ultimately lead to Antibiotic Apocalypse – A future without antibiotics, with bacteria becoming completely resistant to treatment & when common infections & minor injuries could once again kill.
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