10.03.22 APSC Daily Current Affairs

ASSAM

 

Assam-Mizoram border areas peaceful: CRPF DIG

 

CRPF deputy inspector general (DIG) (Silchar Range) Shahnawaz Khan has claimed that a peaceful atmosphere has been prevailing along the Assam-Mizoram border areas in Cachar district after the force’s jawans were deployed last year as per the Centre’s instructions

Khan, who attended an event at Lailapur CRPF camp in Cachar district near Mizoram border on Friday, said a miasma of fear and panic hovered for many days in the area after seven Assam policemen were killed on July 26 last year, but the situation now is normal. Peace was restored after CRPF personnel were deployed following that incident as per the instructions of the central government, he said.

 

 

 

NORTH-EASTERN STATES

Reviving the inland water transport system for the Northeast 

 

A month after setting sail on the Ganga from Patna, the MV Lal Bahadur Shastri carrying 200 metric tonnes of food grains for the Food Corporation of India (FCI), docked at Guwahati’s Pandu port on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra on March 6. The occasion is believed to have taken inland water transport, on two of India’s largest river systems, to the future.

Around Independence, Assam’s per capita income was the highest in the country primarily because of access for its tea, timber, coal and oil industries to seaports on the Bay of Bengal via the Brahmaputra and the Barak River (southern Assam) systems. Ferry services continued sporadically after 1947 but stopped after the 1965 war with Pakistan, as Bangladesh used to be East Pakistan then.

India has invested 80% of ₹305.84 crore to improve the navigability of the two stretches of the IBP (Indo-Bangladesh Protocol) routes — Sirajganj-Daikhowa and Ashuganj-Zakiganj in Bangladesh.

The seven-year dredging project on these two stretches till 2026 is expected to yield seamless navigation to the north-eastern region.

 

The Government has also undertaken the Jal Marg Vikas project with an investment of ₹4,600-crore to augment the capacity of NW1 for sustainable movement of vessels weighing up to 2,000 tonnes.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

ESA Vigil

 

It’s the first of its kind mission, with the aim of monitoring the unpredictable and active Sun and help protect the Earth from its outbursts.

ESA Vigil will be the first of its kind. By keeping an eagle eye on the ‘side’ of the Sun, the spacecraft will stream a constant feed of near real-time data on potentially hazardous solar activity, before it rolls into view from Earth.

 

The mission will give us advance warning of oncoming solar storms and therefore more time to protect spacecraft in orbit, infrastructure on the ground and explorers now and in the future, unshielded by Earth’s magnetic field and vulnerable to our star’s violent outbursts.

 

All Indians head back from Ukrainian cities

By March 8, almost all Indians were evacuated from Ukraine, under a special effort codenamed Operation Ganga, starting from February 24, when the invasion began.  The last of the stranded Indians, from Sumy University, have also been evacuated to safety in neighbouring Poland, Romania etc.

 

This was possible with support from the Russian and Ukraine governments under the `Green Corridor’ facility they have jointly arranged.

 

NATIONAL

 

Param Ganga: Made-in-India Petascale Supercomputer Installed at IIT Roorkee

 

A Made in India Petascale Supercomputer “PARAM Ganga” has been installed at IIT Roorkee on Monday by B.V.R. Mohan Reddy, Chairman, Board of Governors, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee. The establishment of 1.66 PFLOPS (Peta Floating-Point Operations Per Second) supercomputing at IIT Roorkee by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) has been built under the approach of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

 

The new high-performance computational (HPC) facility would aid researchers to solve complex problems of national importance and global significance. The new HPC infrastructure will serve as an essential compute environment for the modern-day research along with their theoretical and experimental work.”

 

 

 

 

Karewas

“Vudr” is the local name for Karewas in Kashmiri language.

In the Kashmiri dialect, the term Karewa means “elevated table land”.

Firstly, this term was used by Godwin Austin in 1859 and later on by Lydekker in 1878 for unconsolidated to semi-consolidated sand clay conglomerate sequence.

Karewas are the thick deposits of glacial clay and other materials embedded with moraines. These are unconsolidated lacustrine deposits. Lacustrine means “associated with lakes”

 

 

Labour Ministry launches ‘Donate-a-Pension’ initiative

 

Union Labour and Employment Minister Bhupender Yadav launched the ‘Donate-a-Pension’ programme under Pradhan MantriShram Yogi Maan-Dhan (PM-SYM) for people to contribute to the pension fund of their support staff.

It is an initiative under (PM-SYM) pension scheme where citizens can donate the premium contribution of their immediate support staff such as domestic workers, drivers, helpers etc,

The ‘Donate-a-Pension’ programme which was launched today is part of many initiatives by the Labour Ministry to be launched in the ‘Iconic Week’ being celebrated by the Ministry from March 7 to 13.

 

 

The objective of National Youth Parliament Festival is to hear the voice of youth between 18 and less than 25 years of age, who will join various careers in coming years, including public services.National Youth Parliament Festival (NYPF) is based on the idea given by Prime Minister in his Mann Ki Baat Address on 31st December 2017.

 

Taking inspiration from the idea of  Prime Minister, the first NYPF 2019 was organised from 12 January to 27 February 2019 at District, State & National level with the theme “Be the Voice of New India and Find solutions and Contribute to Policy”.

 

National Youth Festival is celebrated every year from 12th to 16th January. 12th January being the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, is observed as National Youth Day. This year, NYPF is also being organized along with the National Youth Festival.

 

Scientist develop energy- efficient hydrogen production by urea electrolysis

Indian Scientists have designed an electrocatalyst system for energy-efficient hydrogen production with the help of electrolysis of urea. The urea electrolysis is helpful towards urea-based waste treatment with low-cost hydrogen production. This can be utilized for energy production towards our country’s benefits.

The energy requirement for production of hydrogen through water electrolysis can be reduced by 70 % through urea electrolysis. The energy-intensive counterpart of water splitting, oxygen evolution, can be replaced with urea oxidation in urea electrolysis. The low-cost, earth-abundant Ni-based catalysts are widely applied for this process. The main challenge associated with urea oxidation is retaining the prolonged activity of the catalyst as the strong adsorption of the reactive intermediate (COx) on the active site, referred to as catalyst poisoning, causes activity loss.

 

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