13-14.02.22 APSC Daily Current Affairs

 

ASSAM

 

 

Assam: Over 4,900 militants settled in mainstream life last year, says data

 

Relentless efforts on the part of the state government to bring insurgent groups to the mainstream to establish peace and harmony in the last one year has resulted in the rehabilitation of nearly 4,962 surrendered militants of different rebel groups, including the United Liberation Front of Asom-Independent (Ulfa-I) and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB). Around 1,000 members of Bru militant outfits, Bru Liberation Army-Union (BLAU) and the United Democratic Liberation Army (UDLA) will surrender in Assam’s Barak valley soon.

As per the data received from Assam Police, over 4,200 out of the 4,962 rehabilitated militants were the members of NDFB and 662 were the members of five different insurgent groups, including the National Liberation Front of Bengalis (NLFB), Rabha National Liberation Front (RNLF) and the National Santhal Liberation Army (NSLA).

 

NORTH-EASTERN STATES

Only 7% in Assam’s Manipuri Basti plan to vote in home state

 

A miniscule 7% of nearly 500 Manipuri families residing in Manipuri Rajbari area, popularly known as Manipuri basti, who had migrated to the city in the last few years, plan to go to Manipur to cast their votes in the assembly elections in that state.

Most of these families are economically backward and had migrated to state for various purposes, including earning a livelihood by setting up small businesses.

The forefathers of the remaining families had migrated from Manipur and a few parts of Assam like Cachar and Hojai, over a hundred years ago to Manipuri basti and permanently settled here. The area was owned by the erstwhile king of Manipur, Maharaja Churachand Singh, over 100 years ago during the British rule. Thereafter, the descendants have been living permanently in the area and also exercising their voting rights in Assam.

INTERNATIONAL

 

Quadruple Asteroid

 

Astronomers discovered a 3rd moon orbiting the main-belt asteroid (130) Elektra. This is often the primary quadruple asteroid ever found.

Highlights:

Elektra may be a giant main-belt asteroid. Litchfield Observatory astronomer Christian Peters had first discovered it on February 17, 1873.

Elektra has an efficient diameter of 199 km and an estimated mass of 7*1018

The first moon of Elektra was discovered in 2003 by Dr. William Merline and his team. It had been discovered using the “Keck II telescope” at the Mauna Kea Observatory.

 

NATIONAL

 

Crude Palm Oil Imports Tax Cut

 

Central Government cut tax on crude palm oil imports (CPO) from 7.5 percent to five percent, which came into effect on February 13, 2022.

Highlights

India is the world’s biggest edible oil importer. It tries to rein in local commodities prices and help domestic consumers and refiners.

The tax reduction is also called “agriculture infrastructure and development cess (AIDC).”

It will broaden the gap between refined palm oil import duties and CPO.

The tax reduction effectively makes it cheaper for Indian refiners to import CPO.

After the reduction in AIDC, the import tax difference between CPO and refined palm oil would increase to eight .25 percent.

 

 

Reimagining Healthcare In India Report By NITI Aayog

The NITI Aayog published a paper titled “Reimagining Healthcare in India using Blended Finance.”

Highlights:

According to the NITI Aayog report, India spends the least on healthcare among the BRICS countries.

The report highlights that around 65 percent of hospital beds in India cater to almost 50 percent of the population in Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Telangana, and Kerala.

Another 50 percent of India’s population living in the remainder of 21 states and eight Union Territories (UTs) has access to 35 percent of hospital beds.

It noted that a minimum of 30 percent must increase several beds to ensure people’s equitable access to healthcare facilities.

 

SMILE Scheme

 

SMILE: Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise” scheme was launched by the Department of Social Justice & Empowerment

Highlights:

“SMILE: Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise” scheme was launched on 12 February 2022 in New Delhi.

SMILE is a scheme run by the Central Sector. Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise is its name.

Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment introduced it. The initiative was created to assist the transgender community and persons who beg.

The SMILE initiative aims to reinforce and broaden the reach of rights that provide targeted groups with the legal protection and security they require.

 

Economic Empowerment of DNTs Scheme

 

Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment will launch the “Scheme for Economic Empowerment of DNTs (SEED)” on February 16, 2022.

Highlights

The Scheme will be launched to protect De-notified, Nomadic, and Semi Nomadic Communities (DNCs) at Ambedkar International Centre, New Delhi.

DNTs are the foremost neglected, marginalized, and economically & socially deprived communities.

They have been living a life of poverty for generations.

They have escaped the attention of the developmental framework and thus are bereft of support, unlike SCs and STs.

They never had access to non-public land or homeownership, historically.

These tribes used forests and grazing lands for residential use and their livelihood.

 

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