The brain drain is the migration of educated persons from one country to another. Primary external brain drain occurs when human resources leave their country to go work overseas in developed countries such as Europe, North America, and Australia. Secondary external brain drain occurs when human resources leave their country to go work elsewhere in the nearby region.
Push factors for brain drain
Lack of higher education opportunities
The increasing cut-offs and legion of competitive exams make access to higher education difficult in India. Abroad, they have an advantage over students from other countries in terms of skills and knowledge.
Lack of financial research support
India’s Gross domestic expenditure on research has stayed at 0.7% of the GDP for years. India has one of the lowest GERD/GDP ratios among the BRICS nations. So, the minds in R&D tend to migrate to other countries to continue their research.
Developed countries offer better pay to sectors like health, research, IT, etc. Income is one of the main triggers of emigration from India.
Non-recognition of talents
The chances of being recognized in one’s field are difficult in a populace this large and with conventions preferring the glamour world over academic talent; bright minds choose foreign countries where their work is appreciated more.APSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for APSC Prelims and APSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by APSC Notes are as follows:-
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