02.02.22 APSC Daily Current Affairs

 

ASSAM

 

Assam CM HimantaBiswaSarma lays foundation of Rs 79 crore Zoo Road flyover

 

In a continuous effort to reduce traffic congestion in densely populated Guwahati, chief minister HimantaBiswaSarma on Tuesday laid the foundation of a 580-metre new flyover at Zoo Road Tiniali at a cost of around Rs 79 crore.

The CM has directed the public works department to complete the construction of the flyover at the earliest so that it can be inaugurated before Bohag Bihu in April next year. The targeted duration for construction of the flyover is 18 months.

 

 

 

NORTH-EASTERN STATES

Ramsar designated wetlands of Northeast India are under imminent threat

Wetlands contribute to the environment in a number of ways including regulating water quantity, groundwater recharge, protecting the ecosystem against floods and drought, acts as erosion control and sediment transport. It also provides as an important habitat for migratory birds and other species. However, threats like draining of wetland, construction works, climate change and dumping zones are contributing to the degradation of these natural habitats.

India is blessed with a total of 899 natural and man-made wetlands. Amongst these 49 sites have been recognized to be of “international importance” under the Ramsar Convention. In Northeast India, the three Ramsar sites are- DeeporBeel in Assam, Loktak Lake in Manipur and Rudrasagar in Tripura.

Natural and anthropogenic causes are some of the major threats that the lake is facing. This includes the proliferation of human settlements, expansion of roads and industries, threat from construction of broad-gauge railway line on the periphery of the beel that often possess a threat to elephant corridor thereby affecting the movement of the pachyderms. Another major threat is posed by the dumping ground in the nearby area close to the water body. The situation worsens during the monsoon as garbage gets carried away into the water body, affecting residents and migratory birds and fish.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

World Games Athlete Of The Year award 2021 Won By PR Sreejesh

 

PR Sreejesh, an Indian men’s hockey player, has been named World Games Athlete of the Year for 2021.

Highlights:

PR Sreejesh, an Indian men’s hockey player, has been named World Games Athlete of the Year for 2021.

He is the second Indian to win this prize, following Rani Rampal.

Rani Rampal, the Indian women’s hockey captain, became the first Indian to win the award in 2020 for her achievements 2019.

Based on individual or team accomplishments, the yearly awards were nominated by 24 athletes from 17 countries.

The runners-up are Spanish wushu player Alberto Ginés López and Italian wushu player Michele Giordano.

 

India – Israel To Make “Village OfExellence”

 

India and Israel have collaborated to transform 150 communities into ‘Villages of Excellence.’

Highlights:

The Indian government has partnered with the Israeli government to establish 150 ‘Villages of Excellence’ in 12 Indian states to assist farmers in adopting cutting-edge farm technology.

Israel would provide technical aid and other knowledge to help agriculture become more profitable.

The 150 villages surrounding the CoEs will be transformed into “Villages of Excellence.”

Seventy-five villages would commemorate India’s 75th year of independence in the first year.

In 12 states, the Israeli government has already built 29 Centres of Excellence (CoEs).

CoEs are an excellent example of bilateral collaboration, and the certification of CoEs has been advocated to improve the standards and quality of services given to farmers, said Mr. Gilon.

Also, He is interested in further collaboration with agri-research body ICAR and making the latest technologies available with Israel.

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Economic Survey 2022 Highlights

 

On the 31st of January 2022, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Economic Survey 2021-22 to the Parliament.

Highlights:

On the 31st of January 2022, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Economic Survey 2021-22 to the Parliament.

The pre-budget Economic Survey is a document that is presented to Parliament prior to the Union Budget to present the state of the economy and make policy recommendations.

A team led by Chief Economic Advisor wrote the pre-Budget Economic Survey (CEA).

The Centre named economist V AnanthaNageswaran as the next CEA just days before the presentation.

The Indian economy is expected to develop at an annual rate of 8-8.5 percent in the fiscal year 2022-23, according to the government (FY23).

For the current fiscal year 2021-22 (FY22), the GDP growth rate is expected to be 9.2%. According to the Economic Survey, India will need to spend around USD 1.4 trillion on infrastructure over the next five years to achieve a GDP of USD 5 trillion.

The lack of major base effects in 2022-23 as compared to 2021-22 is the key reason for the lower projection.

In fact, when these base effects were removed in Q3 and Q4 of 2021-22 and economic activity had begun to recover, the second half of 2021-22 saw only 5.6 percent growth.

 

 

Union budget 2022-23 By Nirmala Sitharaman

 

Nirmala Sitharaman, the Union Finance Minister, presents the Union Budget 2022 for the fourth time.

Highlights:

Nirmala Sitharaman, the Union Finance Minister, presents the Union Budget 2022 for the fourth time.

She will give the fiscal year 2022-23 financial results and tax suggestions (April 2022 to March 2023).

As Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman departs the Finance Ministry to present the Budget in Parliament, a Made in India tablet has taken the place of the customary ‘BahiKhata.’

V AnanthaNageswaran, India’s Chief Economic Advisor, released the Economic Survey 2021-22 on January 31, 2022.

The Indian economy is expected to develop at an annual rate of 8-8.5 percent in the fiscal year 2022-23, according to the government (FY23).

The Union Budget is a yearly financial report that estimates the government’s income and expenditures to propose future long-term growth and development strategies.

The Annual Financial Statement refers to the year’s Union Budget, defined by Article 112 of the Indian Constitution (AFS).

 

Aditya-L1 Mission

 

In the year 2022, ISRO is expected to launch the “Aditya-L1 mission” to investigate the sun.

Highlights:

The L1 Lagrange point will be the landing site for the Aditya-L1 mission. After AstroSat, this will be ISRO’s second space-based astronomy mission.

In 2015, AstroSat was launched.Aditya-L1 was originally known as Aditya 1 and was designed to only observe the solar corona.

Aditya L1, a solar probe, will be launched on a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) XL carrying seven payloads or experiments.

 

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