23-24.01.22 APSC Daily Current Affairs

ASSAM

 

Fall in eastern swamp deer count at Kaziranga National Park

 

Floods have reduced the number of vulnerable eastern swamp deer in Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR), which has been counted for the first time in the whole KNPTR on January 10 and 11.

Prior to this, the process was only done in Kaziranga National Park.

 

The official said this is mainly due to two high floods in the intervening period, that is, 2019 and 2020. Territory wise, 786 under eastern Assam division, 62 under Biswanath wildlife division and 20 under Nagaon wildlife division have been recorded by experienced and trained wildlife experts from outside the forest department. In the field exercise for census of the vulnerable eastern swamp deer, 29 enumerators and 112 forest personnel were directly involved.
On the other hand in the fourth wetland bird estimation 2021-2022, carried out from December 21 to 27, encompassing the whole tiger reserve, a total of 66,776 birds of 126 species were enumerated using point count method.

NORTH-EASTERN STATES

Meghalaya Living Root Bridges

 

A living root bridge is suspension bridge across small streams. They are built using living plant roots. These root bridges are common in Meghalaya. They are hand made. They are built using rubber of fig trees. They are built by the local Jaintia and Khasi people. Recently, the India has sought UNESCO World Heritage Tag for these bridges.

 

The bridges are locally called jingjiengjri. These bridges are 50 metres to 1150 metres above the sea level. Their maximum length is around 50 metres. Their width is around 1.5 metres. They are strong to stand for 500 years! The bridges are healthy as long as the trees from which the bridges are made are healthy.

 

Root Bridges in other regions

 

Root bridges are also built by the Nagaland people. Also, the root bridges are built by Baduy people of Java.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

IEA: Electricity Market Report

 

The International Energy Agency (IEA) published the bi-annual Electricity Market Report in early 2022.

Highlights:

According to the report, countries are increasingly turning to fossil fuels to meet rising electricity demand as Covid-19 lockdown restrictions ease.

In 2021, global electricity demand is expected to rise by 6% year on year. It was the IEA’s steepest year-on-year increase since the 2008 financial crash.

Year on year, global energy intensity fell by 1.9 percent. This drop was only half of what was needed to lay the groundwork for net-zero energy by 2050.

Renewable electricity generation will increase by 6% year on year in 2021. Coal-fired power generation has increased by 9%.

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Climate of India During 2021

 

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) released its “Climate of India during 2021” report.

Highlights:

According to reports, the year 2021 was the fifth warmest in India since national records began in 1901.

In 2021, India posted a loss of 1,750 lives due to extreme weather events. With 350 deaths, Maharashtra was the worst-affected state.

Among extreme weather events, lightning and thunderstorms claimed the most lives (787), followed by floods, heavy rains, and landslides, which killed 759 people.

In 2021, 172 people died as a result of cyclones in various states.

According to the report, 11 of the 15 hottest years in India occurred during the last fifteen years, from 2007 to 2021.

Indian Environment Service

 

The Supreme Court asked the Centre whether it was planning a dedicated Indian Environment Service in India’s bureaucratic set-up.

 

In 2014, a committee headed by former Cabinet secretary TSR Subramanian had recommended to set up Indian Environment Service.

Petition was filed by a lawyer Samar Vijay Singh, for the creation of an independent Indian Environment Services at all-India level.

However, prima facie it is doubtful if a mandamus can be issued. Though, an enquiry can be made on whether the government proposes to follow the recommendation of TSR Subramanian committee.

 

 

First Milk Village Of J&K – Jerri Hamlet

 

Jerri settlement in Reasi district was designated as the Union Territory’s first ‘Milk Village,’ with 57 additional dairy farms sanctioned under the Integrated Dairy Development Scheme (IDDS) for the hamlet.

 

The administration of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has designated Jerri settlement in Reasi district as the first ‘Milk Village’ of the Union Territory.

It was Also officially recognized 57 more dairy farms for the hamlet under the Integrated Dairy Development Scheme (IDDS).

The village, which has 73 individual dairy units and 370 cows, will provide financial security to the local farmers.

Following the village’s designation as a ‘Milk Village,’ a total of 57 units have indeed been approved under the IDDS.

Under the IDDS, dairy units with five animals receive a 50% subsidy.

 

Digital Government Mission

 

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology established the Digital Government Mission.

Highlights:

The mission will provide citizens with government services. The services will be delivered using machine learning and artificial intelligence.

It incorporates automated processes. For example, a student applying for a scholarship will receive an alert directly from the relevant department.

He or she is not required to inquire. It also makes food grains available to the public through the public distribution system.

It includes driver license renewals as well as reminders to renew government-issued documents.

  • The mission seeks to provide benefits to citizens before they inquire about a scheme or subsidiary.

 

 

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