12.01.22 APSC Daily Current Affairs



Expansion of Orang National Park


The State is to add 200.32 square kilometre to the Orang National Park. The area to be added consists of Brahmaputra river. It also includes sandbars and islands of the river.
Tigers and Rhinos are using the islands and sandbars that are being included. Orang region in the northern bank of Brahmaputra is essential to Kaziranga Orang Riverine Landscape. This is because animals move between the Orang and Kaziranga stretch through these lands. This stretch is 180 km. It is a corridor connecting two habitats.

Future plans for Kaziranga – Orang

Gharials became extinct in the region six decades ago. The Assam Government is planning to reintroduce gharial here.


The rhinos and Gangetic Dolphins are to be benefitted greatly with the addition of this extra land. It will also benefit 16 species of turtles.

About Orang

Orang is a major rhino habitat. It became a tiger reserve in 2016. The other seven national parks in Assam are DehingPatkai, Dibru – Saikhowa, Manas, Kaziranga, Nameri, Raimona.



Int’l folklore film festival begins


The fifth edition of the International folklore film festival began here on Saturday with the screening of ‘Mizo Soundscapes’ produced by Joshy Joseph. The festival will continue till January 5. Even though this is projected as a documentary, the film powerfully brings out several concealed aspects of the history of the ordinary people of Mizoram. ‘A Flowering Tree’ produced by Meera Krishnamoorthy and ‘Gone Men’s Bride’ Robabehrouhi from Iran were also screened.

The festival is expected to showcase 275 films from 72 countries. The ‘Life Time Achievement Award’ was presented to C R Rajagopal for his outstanding contributions to the field of folklore. The award was presented to Rajagopal, who is ailing, at his house by higher education minister R Bindu. Revenue minister K Rajan inaugurated the festival.




The Global Risks Report 2022


The World Economic Forum recently released the Global Risks Report 2022. Cybersecurity, pandemic, climate change and space advancements are the emerging risks to global economy.


The global economy is to shrink by 2.3% by 2024. However, in developing countries this is to be 5.5%. In rich countries, it will be 0.9%

Digital security

The online platforms have increased tremendously during the pandemic. The COVID has brought in major work shift. People are now attending classes online. This has increased the security risks.

Cyber Threats

The cyber threats are growing at humanely uncontrollable rates. The criminals are using tougher tactics and therefore, the cyber threats are becoming more aggressive day by day. Cryptocurrencies are creating easy path of escape for the cyber criminals. Today 90% of the ransomware attacks are paid in cryptocurrencies.


World Bank’s ‘Global Economic Prospects’ Report


The report notes that, Global economic growth will decrease sharply to 4.1% in 2022 and 3.2% in 2023, from 5.5% in 2021.


It projects India’s annual growth to be 8.3% in the fiscal year 2021-2022, 8.7% in 2022-23, while 6.8% in 2023-24.


It also flagged the risks posed by rising inflation and growing inequality.


It noted that, after having recovered in 2021, global economy is headed towards “pronounced slowdown”, because of new Covid-19 variants, increasing inflation, debt & income inequality, reducing fiscal & monetary support and decreasing demand.


First Pig heart transplant in Human


Recently, doctors transplanted a pig heart into a patient in a last effort to save his life, in Maryland hospital in USA. It was done for the first time in the history of medical.


The patient is doing well three days after this highly experimental surgery.


This marks a significant step in the decades-long debate on using animal organs for life-saving transplants. However, it is too soon to know, if the operation will work.


As per Doctors at University of Maryland Medical Center, transplant highlighted that heart from a genetically modified animal can function in human body, without immediate rejection.




Purposive testing strategy


The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) issued new guidelines on “Purposive Testing Strategy”, amid rising cases of covid-19 cases.


ICMR issued guidelines on who needs to get tested for the infection, and who doesn’t.

As per the guidelines, asymptomatic individuals, and contacts of Covid patients are not required to be tested unless identified as “high-risk individuals” based on co-morbidities or age.

It also mentioned that at-risk contacts of patients would be person aged above 60 years and individuals with co-morbidities such as chronic lung or kidney disease, diabetes, hypertension, malignancy and obesity.

People undertaking “inter-state domestic travel are also not required to get tested.


AI- driven Start-Up for Water Purification


Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh launched Artificial Intelligence (AI) driven Start-Up for water purification through innovative technology.


AI driven start-up for water purification has been developed by an IIT Alumni.

The start-up was launched with the aim of providing clean drinking water at a lesser price, as opposed the market price.

The Technology Development Board (a statutory body of Science & Technology department) also signed a MoU with M/s Swajal Water Private Limited which is a tech Start Up company founded by ex-IITians. The company focuses on innovative technologies for making reliable clean drinking water accessible to communities at affordable prices. Their project on IoT has enabled the use of “Solar Water Purification Unit” for villages, slums, and High Utility Areas.


DRDO Flight Test of MPATGM

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) flight tested the Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM), successfully.


During the flight test, final deliverable configuration of the MPATGM was tested.


MPATGM is an indigenously developed anti-tank missile, a low weight and a ‘fire and forget’ missile.

It was launched from a launcher, which was man portable. It was integrated with thermal sight.


During the test, the missile impacted designated target with precision and destroyed it.

The MPATGM, dubbed as “Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile”, is a third-generation fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile.


Passport SevaProgramme (PSP-V 2.0)


The Passport Seva Programme Version – 2 is an extension of Passport Seva Programme Version – 1. It is an online service. It was launched under the National E – Governance Plan.


The Government of India is to launch e – Passports very soon for citizens renewing their passport or applying for new passport.


About PSP – V – 2.0


It is an expansion of PSP – 1. It brought in several changes to the delivery of passports. The main objective of the second version is to create a digital platform for passport related services. This is to make the process more transparent, accessible and reliable.


Under the second version, several technological upgrades are to be added. This includes Chat – Bot, advance data analytics, auto – response, cloud enablement and natural language processing.


APSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for APSC Prelims and APSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by APSC Notes are as follows:- For any doubt, Just leave us a Chat or Fill us a querry