04.12.21 Daily APSC Current Affairs

ASSAM

 

Assam Government Decided To Honour Industrialist Ratan Tata With Asom Baibhav Award

 

Ratan Tata will receive the state’s highest civilian honour, the ‘Asom Baibhav Award,’ from the Assam government.

Highlights:

♦Assam’s chief minister, Himanta Biswa Sarma, told the media that Ratan Tata has made a significant contribution to cancer treatment in the state.I am delighted to announce that the Government of Assam has decided to bestow the Assam Baibhav, the state’s highest civilian honour, on Ratan Tata, Chairman of TATA Trusts, in recognition of his outstanding contribution to cancer care in Assam.

♦The Tata Trust Board of Trustees announced in 2017 that it has sanctioned Rs 540 crore for the establishment of a three-tier cancer treatment grid at the state, capital, and district levels.

♦A total investment of Rs 1400 crore is planned for the project. A South Asian Cancer Research Centre is also proposed as part of the initiative, with the goal of doing research into the causes of cancer and developing treatment procedures with a focus on South Asia.

 

 

 

NORTH-EASTERN STATES

North Eastern States Roads Investment Program

 

The North Eastern States Roads Investment Program, launched in 2011, aims to build 433 km long roads in six northeastern states.

Highlights:

♦ The Northeastern states are Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Sikkim.
♦ Around 36 lakh people are benefited from the project, which will be completed by August 2022.
♦ North East requires special consideration as contrasted to the rest of India. One such case is that Assam is the world largest tea producer, but it lags behind industrialisation.
♦ North Eastern citizens feel alienated from the rest of the country because of a lack of modern infrastructure, less exposure, poverty and unemployment.
♦ For the preceding reasons, it is necessary to increase the connectivity in the region, which is needed to control the insurgency.
♦ The North – Eastern Council focuses on building 10,500 km in the region. Under the NEC, a new scheme called North East Road Sector development was launched. It mainly focuses on Arunachal Pradesh.

INTERNATIONAL

 

Exercise Ekuverin

 

The Exercise Ekuverin is a joint military exercise held between India and Maldives. It is held between the armies of India and Maldives.

 

 

About Exercise Ekuverin

 

  • Ekuverin means “Friends” in Dhivehi language. It is an Indo – Aryan language. It is spoken in India, Lakshadweep and Maldives.
  • The Exercise is being conducted between India and Maldives since 2008.
  • In 2019, the exercise was held in Pune, Maharashtra and in 2018, it was held in Maldives.

 

Exercise Ekuverin 2021

 

  • The 2021 Exercise Ekuverin was held in Maldives.
  • The exercise focused on enhancing inter – operability between the armed forces of India and Maldives.
  • It also included counter – insurgency and counter – terrorism operations.
  • The joint exercise in 2021, also conducted sports and cultural activities to enhance the bilateral and defence relations.

 

India – UAE CEPA Negotiations

India and UAE launched the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement in September 2021. The countries are to hold the third round of negotiations.

 

CEPA is an economic deal signed between India and UAE in 2017.

It is a free trade pact.

It covers negotiation on trade and services, investment and other economic partnerships.

It also includes competition, cooperation and Intellectual Property Rights.

It also looks in to the regulatory aspects of trade between the countries.

 

As of March 2021, UAE is the third largest investor in India. The Indian companies have invested 85 billion USD in UAE. The major imports to India from UAE are petroleum products, stones, jewellery, gems. The major exports are minerals, precious metals, gems. With CEPA, the bilateral trade is to increase to 100 billion USD within 5 years.

 

NATIONAL

 

National Blockchain Strategy Proposed By Ministry Of Electronics And IT

 

The National Blockchain Strategy was recently introduced by the Ministry of Electronics and IT for giving blockchain as a service.

Highlights:

 The strategy has adopted a multi-institutional approach involving the C – DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing), NIC (National Informatics Centre), and NICSI (National Informatics Centre Services Inc).

 It strives to implement a trusted digital staging for e-governance assistance using blockchain technology.

 It includes human resource development, collaboration, administrative framework, technology heap, standards development.

 It inquires the union government to promote state-specific blockchain purposes.

The plan will explore using technology for medical supplies and vaccines.

 It will increase transparency and efficiency in governance.

 NITI Aayog has named Blockchain technology as a promising technology.

 According to NITI Aayog, the technology has essential characteristics such as liability and decentralisation.

 

SRESHTA Scheme Was Launched For Socio Economic Development Of SC Students

 

The Government of India will introduce the SRESTHA Scheme for students from Scheduled Castes. The initiative would give pupils a high-quality residential education.

Highlights:

♦The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will carry out the scheme.

♦It is aimed towards deserving Scheduled Caste pupils. It will also prevent the occurrence of students dropping out of classes 9 through 12.

♦The programme will offer high-quality residential education.
♦NITI Aayog has identified renowned non-public residential facilities in aspirational districts to implement the scheme.

Greater Tipraland

 

Greater Tipraland is a region in Tripura. Several tribals are demanding to make the region as a separate state.

 

There are 19 notified Scheduled Tribes in Tripura. Among these, 5.92 lakh are Tripuris, 1.88 lakh are Reangs. These three tribal groups are the major tribals in the state. Some of the minor tribal groups have joined hands and formed TIPRA Motha (Tirpaha Indigenous Regional Alliance) and IPFT (Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura) political parties. These parties are now arguing that they want a separate state for their “survival and existence”.

 

Tripura was ruled by Manikya dynasty since the late 13th century till it signed the Instrument of Accession with the Government of India in 1949. Instrument of Accession is the document signed by the Indian states to enter into Union of India after independence. In due course, some of the indigenous tribes in the region have become minority in the state.

 

This happened mainly because of the displacement of the Bengalis from East Pakistan during 1971 war. In 1881, the tribal population in the state was 63.77%. It reduced to 31.8% in 2011.

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