05.11.21 Daily APSC Current Affairs

ASSAM

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Bird of The Year Award – New Zealand

 

Forest & Bird, an independent conservation organization, organized its annual Bird of The Year Award.

Highlights:

The Pekapeka-tou-roa, a New Zealand native bat species, took up the annual bird of the year award in 2021.

Despite not being a bird, the species was declared the winner of the competition.

Long-tailed bat is another name for Pekapeka-tou-roa. It is one of two land animals found in New Zealand.

Forest and Bird named this bat to their Bird of the Year list because both bats and native birds are endangered by the same issues such as habitat loss, predators, and climate change.

 

World Tsunami Awareness Day Is Commemorated On 5 November

 

On November 5, the world commemorated World Tsunami Awareness Day.

Highlights:

The day is observed to raise awareness about the hazards of tsunamis among people all around the world.

World Tsunami Awareness Day in 2021 promotes the “Sendai Seven Campaign,”

It aims to “significantly expand international cooperation to developing nations through suitable and sustainable support to complement their national measures for the implementation of the current Framework by 2030.”

After the proclamation of the UN General Assembly on December 22, 2015, World Tsunami Day was first formally marked on November 5, 2016.

The United Nations General Assembly urged all countries in international organizations to increase awareness of the crisis and share product ideas.

WEF Report: Mission 2070- A Green New Deal for a Net Zero India

 

The report was published in the backdrop of India’s target to achieve net zero emissions by 2070. This target was committed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at COP26 global climate summit in Glasgow.

At the summit, PM Modi also committed:

 

  1. To bring non-fossil energy capacity of India to 500 GW by 2030,
  2. To lower carbon intensity to 45 per cent by 2030
  3. To reduce 1 billion tonnes of carbon emissions out of total projected emission by 2030.
  4. To fulfil 50 per cent of energy requirement using renewable waste by 2030.

 

Report highlights that, India’s transition towards a green economy could contribute about $1 trillion in economic impact by 2030. It will create more than 50 million jobs.

The economic impact would increase to $15 trillion by 2070.

Report notes that, India’s commitments are a critical foundation for achieving 1.5-degree Celsius global warming target.

India is on the frontline of climate change. More of Indians are exposed to negative effects of climate change and extreme weather events as compared to other nationality.

Five Pillars contributing towards emission in India

 

Energy, industry, mobility, agriculture and infrastructure & cities are the five pillars in India, contributing over 90 per cent emissions. India will require to curb this emission, along with four cross-sectoral enablers including-

 

  1. Accelerated approach to green technology innovation;
  2. Integrated approach to carbon, capture, utilisation and storage
  3. Overarching framework to catalyse green finance and
  4. Plan for climate adaptation.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Marusudar River Diversion – Pakal Dul HE Project Launched

 

Minister of Power, New & Renewable Energy, R.K. Singh Launched the Pakal Dul Hydro Electric Project on November 1, 2021.

Highlights:

♦ This project is located in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kishtwar district.

♦ Accelerated hydropower project development is critical for grid balancing and peak power generation.

♦ The Pakal Dul H.E. Project will contribute to achieving the 450 GW renewable energy target by 2030.

♦ In this region, an investment of Rs 8212 crores is being made through this project.

♦ Direct and indirect employment opportunities will be created as a result of the investment.

It will contribute to the general development of the local population.

 

World Bank And Niti Ayog Ready Electric Vehicles Financing Push

 

The World Bank and Niti Ayog are ready to financially push the EV’s in India.

Highlights

♦ The World Bank (WB) and the NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) are collaborating to support a scheme for faster and easier financing of electric vehicles (EVs).

♦ The State Bank of India (SBI) will serve as the program manager for a $300 million ‘first loss risk sharing instrument’ set up by NITI Aayog and the World Bank.

♦ The present rate of interest on electric two-wheelers and electric three-wheelers, which is at 20-25 percent, is likely to drop to 10-12 percent.

 

 

 

Eviction drive to clear forest land of encroachment in Assam’s Lumding forest

The Assam government launched a two-day eviction drive to remove illegal settlers from Lumding reserve forest in Hojai district in compliance with a Gauhati High Court order, officials said. This comes a month and a half after an anti-encroachment exercise in the Gorukhuti area of Darrang district in which two people were killed and over 20 injured. The eviction drive was peaceful on Monday as most of the people had left the place in the last few days following counselling by the district administration about the high court order to make the forest encroachment-free, Hojai Deputy Commissioner Anupam Choudhury said. Tight security measures were in place with the deployment of seven additional companies, including four CRPF and three Assam Police battalions, to prevent any untoward incident during the exercise.

The forest, a major habitat for elephants, is spread over 22,403 hectares of land out of which 500 hectares are under encroachment at present, an official said. In the first phase, the drive was conducted in Kamarpani and Betnala areas of the forest, Choudhury said. The district administration has engaged elephants of the forest department and requisitioned excavators to clear the land. The illegal settlers belong to a mixed population of the minority and tribal communities. Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma told reporters in Guwahati that most of the illegal settlers have land in different places and they mostly encroach for agriculture or business purposes.

NORTH-EASTERN STATES

Tripura set to score big with bamboo-made cricket bats

Tripura has emerged as the front-runner in manufacturing cricket bats made of bamboo, which, some experts believe, is a more sustainable option than the traditional willows. With the new alternative having caught the fancy of the cricketing world, the northeastern state, which grows the grass in abundance, is planning to cash in on the opportunity with bamboo bats manufactured indigenously, by means of a unique glue-board technology.

A research institute in Agartala, which is a part of the Centre-affiliated Bamboo and Cane Development Institute (BCDI), has recently made bamboo bats, taking a cue from a study conducted by scientists at the University of Cambridge, and presented samples to H G Cricket Company in Meerut and Virender Sehwag Cricket Academy in Delhi. Arun Sharma, the director of the Agartala-based North East Centre for Technology Application and Research (NECTAR), along with a team of BCDI officials, also met Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Deb to showcase the product the institute has manufactured.

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