. In a big move that could have a ripple effect for the green movement around the world, the UK has decided to ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars by 2030 as part of a £12 billion green agenda. This includes £1.3 billion to put in place charging points for electric vehicles (EVs) in homes, streets and highways, and another £582 million in grants for those buying zero or ultra-low emission vehicles. Additionally, nearly £500 million will be spent in the next four years for the development and production of electric vehicle batteries.
India’s Necessity For EVs
According to the International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT), an estimated 74,000 premature deaths were attributable to air pollution from transportation tailpipe emissions in India in 2015. Also, many top polluted cities in the world are from India. For example, New Delhi.
Mitigating Climate Change
In December 2019, in the Climate Risk Index 2020 released by the environment think tank, Germanwatch, India’s rank has worsened from the 14th spot in 2017 to 5th in 2018 in the global vulnerability ladder. This makes it all the more reason for India to make electric cars and vehicles a priority in the fight against the reliance on fossil fuels.
Hopefully, the UK’s green push can now make up for the US dropping the ball. In India, the government in 2017 began by setting an ambitious target of 100% electric cars by 2030. But a pushback by industry and fears of job losses forced it to climb down. Without government investing in EV infrastructure upfront, passing the buck to industry won’t work. Nonetheless, EVs are the future and a concrete transition plan is needed. India should work with the UK and synergise EV development. The two sides can even jointly produce for the world market. Otherwise, China will soon come to dominate the global automobile industry.APSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for APSC Prelims and APSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by APSC Notes are as follows:-
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