|Highlights of Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14|
Higher Support for Market and Product Diversification 1. Incentive schemes expanded by way of addition of new products and markets.
- 26 new markets have been added under Focus Market Scheme (FMS).
- Widens scope for products to be included for benefits under FPS. Additional engineering products, plastic and some electronics get a look in.
6.Market Linked Focus Product Scheme (MLFPS) expanded by inclusion of products like pharmaceuticals, textile fabrics, rubber products, glass products,auto components
- Jaipur, Srinagar and Anantnag have been recognised as‘Towns of Export Excellence’ for handicrafts; Kanpur,Dewas and Ambur for leather products; and Malihabad for horticultural products.
Stability/ continuity of the Foreign Trade Policy 17. To impart stability to the Policy regime, Duty Entitlement Passbook (DEPB) Scheme is extended beyond 31-12-2009 till 31.12.2010.
Marine sector 21. Fisheries have been included in the sectors which are exempted from maintenance of average EO under EPCG Scheme, subject to the condition that Fishing Trawlers, boats, ships and other similar items shall not be allowed to be imported under this provision. This would provide a fillip to the marine sector which has been affected by the present downturn in exports.
- Additional flexibility under Target Plus Scheme (TPS) / Duty Free Certificate of Entitlement (DFCE) Scheme for Status Holders has been given to Marine sector.
Gems & Jewellery Sector 23. To neutralize duty incidence on gold Jewellery exports, it has now been decided to allow Duty Drawback on such exports.
- In an endeavour to make India a diamond international trading hub, it is planned to establish “Diamond Bourse(s)”.
- A new facility to allow import on consignment basis of cut & polished diamonds for the purpose of grading/ certification purposes has been introduced.
- To promote export of Gems & Jewellery products, the 13 value limits of personal carriage have been increased from $ 2 million to US$ 5 million in case of participation in overseas exhibitions. The limit in case of personal carriage, as samples, for export promotion tours, has also been increased from US$ 0.1 million to US$ 1 million.
Agriculture Sector 27. To reduce transaction and handling costs, a single window system to facilitate export of perishable agricultural produce has been introduced. The system will involve creation of multi-functional nodal agencies to be accredited by APEDA.
Leather Sector 28. Leather sector shall be allowed re-export of unsold imported raw hides and skins and semi finished leather from public bonded ware houses, subject to payment of 50% of the applicable export duty.
- Enhancement of FPS rate to 2%, would also significantly benefit the leather sector.
Tea 30. Minimum value addition under advance authorisation scheme for export of tea has been reduced from the existing 100% to 50%.
- DTA sale limit of instant tea by EOU units increased from 30% to 50%.
- Export of tea has been covered under VKGUY Scheme benefits.
Pharmaceutical Sector 33. Export Obligation Period for advance authorizations issued with 6-APA as input increased from existing 6 months to 36 months.
- Pharma sector extensively covered under MLFPS for countries in Africa and Latin America; some countries in Oceania and Far East.
Handloom Sector 35. To simplify claims under FPS, requirement of ‘Handloom Mark’ for availing benefits under FPS has been removed.
EOUs 36. EOUs have been allowed to sell products manufactured by them in DTA upto a limit of 90% instead of existing 75%, without changing the criteria of ‘similar goods’, within the overall entitlement of 50% for DTA sale.
- To provide clarity to the customs field formations, DOR shall issue a clarification to enable procurement of spares beyond 5% by granite sector EOUs.
- EOUs will now be allowed to procure finished goods for consolidation along with their manufactured goods, subject to certain safeguards.
- During this period of downturn, Board of Approvals (BOA) to consider, extension of block period by one year for calculation of Net Foreign Exchange earning of EOUs.
- EOUs will now be allowed CENVAT Credit facility for the component of SAD and Education Cess on DTA sale.
Thrust to Value Added Manufacturing 41. To encourage Value Added Manufactured export, a minimum 15% value addition on imported inputs under Advance Authorization Scheme has now been prescribed.
- Coverage of Project Exports and a large number of manufactured goods under FPS and MLFPS.
DEPB 43. DEPB rate shall also include factoring of custom duty component on fuel where fuel is allowed as a consumable in Standard Input-Output Norms.
Flexibility provided to exporters 44. Payment of customs duty for Export Obligation (EO) shortfall under Advance Authorisation / DFIA / EPCG Authorisation has been allowed by way of debit of Duty Credit scrips. Earlier the payment was allowed in cash only.
- Import of restricted items, as replenishment, shall now be allowed against transferred DFIAs, in line with the erstwhile DFRC scheme.
- Time limit of 60 days for re-import of exported gems and jewellery items, for participation in exhibitions has been extended to 90 days in case of USA.
- Transit loss claims received from private approved insurance companies in India will now be allowed for the purpose of EO fulfillment under Export Promotion schemes. At present, the facility has been limited to public sector general insurance companies only.
Waiver of Incentives Recovery, On RBI Specific Write off 48. In cases, where RBI specifically writes off the export proceeds realization, the incentives under the FTP shall now not be recovered from the exporters subject to certain conditions.
Simplification of Procedures 49. To facilitate duty free import of samples by exporters, number of samples/pieces has been increased from the existing 15 to 50. Customs clearance of such samples shall be based on declarations given by the importers with regard to the limit of value and quantity of samples.
- To allow exemption for up to two stages from payment of excise duty in lieu of refund, in case of supply to an advance authorisation holder (against invalidation letter) by the domestic intermediate manufacturer. It would allow exemption for supplies made to a manufacturer, if such manufacturer in turn supplies the products to an ultimate exporter. At present, exemption is allowed upto one stage only.
- Greater flexibility has been permitted to allow conversion of Shipping Bills from one Export Promotion scheme to other scheme. Customs shall now permit this conversion within three months, instead of the present limited period of only one month.
- To reduce transaction costs, dispatch of imported goods directly from the Port to the site has been allowed under Advance Authorisation scheme for deemed supplies. At present, the duty free imported goods could be taken only to the manufacturing unit of the authorisation holder or its supporting manufacturer.
- Disposal of manufacturing wastes / scrap will now be allowed after payment of applicable excise duty, even before fulfillment of export obligation under Advance Authorisation and EPCG Scheme.
- Regional Authorities have now been authorised to issue licences for import of sports weapons by ‘renowned shooters’, on the basis of NOC from the Ministry of Sports & Youth Affairs. Now there will be no need to approach DGFT(Hqrs.) in such cases.
- The procedure for issue of Free Sale Certificate has been simplified and the validity of the Certificate has been increased from 1 year to 2 years. This will solve the problems faced by the medical devices industry.
- Automobile industry, having their own R&D establishment, would be allowed free import of reference fuels (petrol and diesel), upto a maximum of 5 KL per annum, which are not manufactured in India.
- Acceding to the demand of trade & industry, the application and redemption forms under EPCG scheme have been simplified.
Reduction of Transaction Costs 58. No fee shall now be charged for grant of incentives under the Schemes in Chapter 3 of FTP. Further, for all other 18 Authorisations/ licence applications, maximum applicable fee is being reduced to Rs. 100,000 from the existing Rs 1,50,000 (for manual applications) and Rs. 50,000 from the existing Rs.75,000 (for EDI applications).
- To further EDI initiatives, Export Promotion Councils/ Commodity Boards have been advised to issue RCMC through a web based online system. It is expected that issuance of RCMC would become EDI enabled before the end of 2009.
- Electronic Message Exchange between Customs and DGFT in respect of incentive schemes under Chapter 3 will become operational by 31.12.2009. This will obviate the need for verification of scrips by Customs facilitating faster clearances.
- For EDI ports, with effect from December ’09, double verification of shipping bills by customs for any of the DGFT schemes shall be dispensed with.
- In cases, where the earlier authorization has been cancelled and a new authorization has been issued in lieu of the earlier authorization, application fee paid already for the cancelled authorisation will now be adjusted against the application fee for the new authorisation subject to payment of minimum fee of Rs 200.
- An Inter Ministerial Committee will be formed to redress/ resolve problems/issues of exporters.
- An updated compilation of Standard Input Output Norms (SION) and ITC (HS) Classification of Export and Import Items has been published.
Directorate of Trade Remedy Measures 65. To enable support to Indian industry and exporters, especially the MSMEs, in availing their rights through trade remedy instruments, a Directorate of Trade Remedy Measures shall be set up.APSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for APSC Prelims and APSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by APSC Notes are as follows:-
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